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Call for Participation: FSFE Community Meeting and FSFE track at the Libre Software Meeting in Strasbourg, France

ven, 13/04/2018 - 19:00
Call for Participation: FSFE community meeting and FSFE track at the Libre Software Meeting

The Libre Software Meeting (LSM) is maybe the biggest community-driven Free Software meeting in France and in 2018 also serves as host of the FSFE community meeting. It takes place in Strasbourg and the FSFE will organise its own track on the first days of LSM, from 7 to 9 of July. This is your chance to be part in the FSFE's community meeting and to give a talk at the LSM 2018 at the same time. Deadline to apply for a talk is April 30 - and before you forget it, apply now!

FSFE at RMLL 2017 (CC-BY-SA 2.0 Julie Missbutterflies)

The Free Software Foundation Europe is happy to align with Hackstub, the Strasbourg hackerspace that is organising the Libre Software Meeting 2018 (also known as Rencontres Mondiales du Logiciel Libre / RMLL). That means that the FSFE's community meeting 2018 will be part of the LSM and vice versa. As the LSM is a big community-driven event by itself, this cooperation offers an exciting environment for the FSFE community to meet up itself as well as to connect with the broader and international Free Software community. More details of the meeting will come in the next weeks but you can already be assured that the content of the meeting will be made by and for the community. There will be a dedicated FSFE room during the weekend days of 7 and 8 of July and a full-day agenda on Monday, July 9. The registration form for the community meeting is still to come, stay tuned.

Besides the community meeting, the FSFE is also organising its own track. This is your chance to be part in the FSFE's community meeting and to give a talk at the LSM 2018 at the same time. Deadline to apply for a talk is April 30 - and before you forget it, better apply now! (choose "Free Software Foundation Europe" when asked about "Track")

One topic of our track will be "Digital Education" - a topic that ranges from school education via code literacy to understanding of ethical concepts behind information technology. But you are free to propose other topics. Generally, we are looking forward for inspiring talks and workshops covering golden cages and user's liberation - in educational environments as well as in our everyday lives. You can also find more details in our previous announcement

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Call for Participation: FSFE Track About "Digital Education" During the Libre Software Meeting in Strasbourg, France

mer, 21/03/2018 - 19:00
Call for Participation: FSFE Track About "Digital Education" During the Libre Software Meeting in Strasbourg, France

From 7 to 12 July there will be the Libre Software Meeting in Strasbourg, France. The conference also known as RMLL is annualy rotating and currently the biggest Free Software event in France. This year, the main topic is "Digital Education: building captivity or new empowerment?". With the FSFE track we are looking for inspiring insights about golden cages and liberation not only in educational institutions but in our everyday lives.

The Free Software Foundation Europe is happy to align with Hackstub, the Strasbourg hackerspace that is organising the Libre Software Meeting 2018, and to generate an own FSFE track. With the main topic being "Digital Education: building captivity or new empowerment?" we would like to concentrate on the golden cages that surround us and that rope more and more people in every day. For us at the FSFE, digital education is not just about college education. It is also about the digital literacy we need to spread within the digital society.

We have seen a lot of new forms of social exchange and collaboration coming up in the past decade and are in a stage where there is hardly any day passing at our work place, in our social network or our daily environment that does not require the interaction with software in any form. A lot of this software is proprietary or interacts with other proprietary software. Every day, new people teach themselves or are told how to use these proprietary services - be it by order of their employer, by peer-pressure in their networks or even enforcement by administrations. In some way or the other, every day new people get their own "digital education".

In the FSFE's track we look for ways that do not rope us in but empower us instead. Free Software solutions that give us the liberty to keep sovereignty of our data, to collaborate on new technologies and to help everyone to understand the technology behind. You know about a good piece of software that other people can learn from or use in their daily interactions? You have insights on administrative or educative processes? You can explain contexts that lead to dependencies or empowerment?

Then apply for the FSFE track in one of the four categories: "Initiation", "Tech", "Society" or "Culture & Art". We are looking for talks and workshops. You can find more detailed information about the different topics on the LSM2018 pages. The deadline to apply is 15 April.

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FSFE Newsletter - mars 2018

lun, 19/03/2018 - 19:00
FSFE Lettre d'information - Mars 2018 L’Italie à l'avant-garde de la législation européenne pour le code public

Avec la campagne Public Money? Public Code! de la FSFE nous ne demandons pas seulement que le code financé par le peuple soit disponible pour le peuple. Nous voulons également mettre en lumière de bon exemples pour que ceux qui prennent les décisions en tire des leçons. Un très bon exemple est l' Article 68 et l' Article 69 de la "Codice Amministrazione Digitale", une loi italienne qui impose aux administrations publiques en Italie de préférer les solutions développées en interne et les solutions utilisant le Logiciel Libre aux logiciels propriétaires. De plus, ces administrations ont le devoir de partager le code source et la documentation des logiciels conçus avec de l'argent publique; Ces lois placent l'Italie à l'avant garde de la législation européenne en matière de code public.

Malheureusement, la loi manque une implémentation correcte. Dans ce contexte, l'équipe Italie de la FSFE a lancé une campagne Ask Your Candidates dans laquelle ils ont demandé aux parties politiques leurs positions sur le Logiciel Libre et l'implémentation de l'article 68 et 69 après les élections nationales le 4 mars.

FSFE Italie a reçu des réponses très positives et plusieurs parties ont pris une position favorable envers le Logiciel Libre. Un tel consensus avec tous ces parties donne l'espoir de créer de nombreuses possibilités de progrès pour l'utilisation des Logiciels Libres au niveau de l’État en Italie et une meilleur implémentation des articles 68 et 69 de la "Codice Amministrazione Digitale". Pour faire écho à cela, l'équipe "Developers Italia" qui est en charge de la future implémentation de l'Article 68 et 69 ont montré leur amour pour le logiciel libre pour le jour I love Free Software.

Lisez notre rapport détaillé sur IloveFS

Comme promis dans la dernière lettre d'information, nous avons maintenant un rapport détaillé à propos de notre campagne IloveFS en 2018. Dans ce rapport, vous lirez pas seulement quelques faits marquants qui se sont produits cette année IloveFS. Grâce à notre stagiaire actuel Jan, nous disposons également d'une analyse et d'une visualisation des 439 messages I Love Free Software contenant le hashtag #IloveFS. Le scrapper que Jan a utilisé pour son analyse est écrit avec GNU R et publié en tant que Logiciel Libre.

Alors que chaque année nous sommes heureux de voir tant de gens célébrer le jour I love Free Software, nous vous encourageons également à exprimer votre amour du Logiciel Libre tous les jours :)

Rejoignez notre communauté de combattants pour la liberté

Quoi d'autre a été fait ? A l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la FSFE Paul Boddie reflète l'attitude du loisir et de la personne volontaire de beaucoup de projets de Logiciel Libre et ce que ça signifie pour l'évaluation du travail qui est fait en prenant pour exemple le développement du langage Python Isabel Drost Fromm argumente contre les personnes qui agissent en tant que médiateurs entre les employeurs et un projet de Logiciel Libre Carmen Bianca Bakker réfléchie sur le Code de Conduite de FreeBSD récemment mis à jour, examine les dangers de discrimination positive et montre comment par opposition un Code de Conduite accueillant et impartial peut aider les chiens et les chats à vivre heureux pour toujours. Daniel Pocock médite sur la nouvellement présentée carte d'identité suisse, ses dangers potentiels pour la vie privé et les référendums publics. Erik Albers a demandé à notre communauté, sur plusieurs canaux, de permettre à la FSFE d'être au courant des événements à venir sur les Logiciels Libres en 2018 qui sont dans l'intérêt de la communauté de la FSFE. Grâce à notre stagiaire actuel Vincent, ils ont tous fini sur le calendrier du wiki de la FSFE donc nos équipes et la communauté peut les utiliser pour organiser leurs présences à ces événements. Björn Schießle, le coordinateur de l'Allemagne de la FSFE a fait une conférence sur la liberté des logiciels dans le cloud at "Chemnitzer Linuxtage" à Chemnitz, en Allemagne. Erik Albers a fait une conférence à propos de Public Money? Public Code! au 'Internet Freedom Festival' à Valence, en Espagne. Le nouvellement créé groupe local de la FSFE à Madrid a eu ses premières réunions le 22 février et le 3 mars. La FSFE a été présente avec un stand au "Chemnitzer Linuxtage" à Chemnitz (en Allemagne), au T3cgfest à Madrid (en Espagne) et au Internet Freedom Festival à Valence (en Espagne). Soyez actifs

Si vous ne l'avez pas encore fait, faites-nous savoir quel est votre événement sur le Logiciel Libre préféré, qui, selon vous, est ou devrait être dans l'intérêt de la communauté de la FSFE de monter un kiosque ou participer à une conférence ou à un atelier. La manière la plus simple de faire cela est d'envoyer un email à contact@fsfe.org avec pour sujet "Free Software event 2018". Merci d'expliquer quel est le sujet de l’événement, combien de participants sont attendus, et la langue principale. Avant de nous informer, merci de vérifier si nous n'avons pas déjà cet événement dans notre liste.

Si vous allez à d'autres événements régulièrement ou bientôt, que ça soit une grande conférence ou un rassemblement local, équipez-vous du matériel de promotion de la FSFE que vous pouvez commander gratuitement.

Contribuez à notre lettre d'information

Si vous voulez partager des idées, des images ou des nouvelles, envoyez les nous. Comme toujours, l'adresse est newsletter@fsfe.org. Nous havons hâte d'avoir de vos nouvelles !

Merci à notre communauté, tous les volontaires, supporters and et donateurs qui rendent notre travail possible. Et merci à nos traducteurs, qui vous permettent de lire cette lettre d'information dans votre langue maternelle.

Vos éditeurs, Erik Albers et Max Mehl

Rejoignez notre équipe de combattants pour la liberté.

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#ilovefs Report 2018

mer, 07/03/2018 - 18:00
#ilovefs Report 2018

Des développeurs en Italie fêtant le jour I Love Free Sofware

Mercredi 14 février, notre communauté a fêté le jour "I love Free Software". Un jour pour déclarer son amour aux communautés les importantes à vos yeux et pour dire "Merci" aux projets de Logiciels Libres qui nous utilisons au quotidien. La Free Sofware Foundation Europe veut également remercier tout le monde qui a acclamé et contribué pour rendre ce jour aussi spécial qu'il pouvait l'être.

Nous avons compté des centaines de Tweets, Toots et Posts ainsi que des dizaines d'articles de blog, photos et dessins tous montrant de l'affection pour les innombrables personnes qui contribuent au Logiciel Libre tous les jours, que ça soit sous la forme de code, traductions, documentation, travail communautaire, conception ou gestion. Merci beaucoup à tous !

Les premiers signes d'amour au FOSDEM

XMPP en tant qu'outil pour la liberté d'expression

Tout comme l'année dernière, nous avons déjà rencontré beaucoup de gens voulant montrer leur amour au FOSDEM. En plus des gros projets comme GNOME, Debian, Firefox, Python, Linux ou VLC, beaucoup de gens ont également mentionné des projets plus petits ou non commun ainsi que de l'amour pour le Logiciel Libre en général et des valeurs que l'on trouve en général dans les communautés de Logiciel Libre: "Ouverture", "Liberté", "Choix", "Volonté propre" sont les termes que nous avons souvent entendus. Si vous voulez voir plus de gens exprimant leur amour pour le Logiciel Libre, regarder l'album complet.

CentOS et OpenSUSE ont un amour partagé pour RPM.

Les projets au FOSDEM ont également eu la chance de remercier leurs communautés pour avoir contribué, rapporté des bugs et aidé. En plus de ça, ils ont également été capable de regrouper plusieurs projets ensemble pour trouver des similarités (ou différences) qu'ils apprécient et ont montré leur amour partagé pour le Logiciel Libre

Le jour I Love Free Software

Tous les projets mentionnés sur Twitter et la Fediverse

Quand le jour est finalement arrivé, on a reçu un énorme nombre de messages de la communauté, s'exprimant elle-même, remerciant leurs projets et développeurs favoris ou faisant la promotion du Logiciel Libre en général

Pour analyser les nombreux messages d'amour et les contributions arrivant pour le jour I Love free Software chaque année, nous avons également monté d'un cran de notre côté. Notre stagiaire Jan a écrit un scraper avec GNU R qui nous a aidé à ne pas manquer un seul poste #ilovefs et à donner à chaque projet la gratitude qu'il mérite. Une partie n'aurait pas été possible sans l'aide de Vincent, notre deuxième stagiaire. Un encouragement à la collaboration et encore une autre preuve que le Logiciel Libre est formidable !

En regroupant Twitter et la Fediverse, nous avons compter exactement 439 messages "I Love Free Sofware" par 243 comptes individuels contenant le tag #ilovefs, mentionnant 95 projets et développeurs. Vous pouvez trouver quelques visualisations montrant les résultats de notre collection de données

Participation avec le hashtag #ILoveFS sur les réseaux sociaux

Participation avec le hashtag #ILoveFS sur Twitter et la Fediverse

Les outils que nous avons écrit sont également libre et disponible à tous pour utiliser, étudier, partager et améliorer ! Mais ce n'est pas seulement des statistiques et des données. La chose importante derrière tous ces nombres : le message que ces gens veulent faire passer et les sentiments d'une communauté de gens tellement diversifiés mais pourtant avec le même état d'esprit quand il s'agit d'ouverture, d'acceptation, d'empathie ou d'acceptation de ce que que nous pouvons créer ensemble

#iLoveFS par Grise Bouille

Il y a plusieurs exemples de ça, comme l'incroyable message sur le tracker de bug de StreetComplete par rugk, où un utilisateur a remercié le projet et son / ses développeur(s) dans un long texte et a également reçu une belle réaction en retour ! L'article de blog de Sebastian Schauenburg où il demande encore plus de sympathie et communication entre les développeurs et parmi les communautés elles-mêmes. Quelques projets ont également publiés des articles de blog, par exemple Nextcloud nous montrant comment les 4 Libertés du Logiciel Libre ont rendu possible leur existence. Ensuite il y a des dessins créatifs par exemple par Grise Bouille ou cette photo cool postée par Developpers Italia (La communauté italienne de développeurs de services publics) célébrant le Logiciel Libre, WikiData montrant comment exprimer votre amour pour le Logiciel Libre et plein, plein d'autres que nous ne sommes pas capable de montrer dans ce court article.

Garder la date en mémoire !

Au cas où vous avez manqué votre chance de remercier votre projet favori, marquez la date du 14 février en tant que "I Love Free Software Day" dans vos calendrier pour l'année prochaine. Cependant, vous ne devriez pas penser que c'est le seul jour où vous êtes autorisés à montrer votre affection. Il est évident que nous devons montrer notre appréciation et gratitude tout au long de l'année - il n'y a simplement aucun mauvais moment pour le faire !

Nous remercions tout le monde qui a participé et contribué à ce jour, ainsi que les innombrables développeurs, traducteurs, managers de communauté, artistes et tout ceux qui participent au Logiciel Libre.

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Ask Your Candidates: Italian parties offer progress towards the use of Free Software in public entities

jeu, 01/03/2018 - 18:00
Ask Your Candidates: Italian parties offer progress towards the use of Free Software in public entities

The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) publishes the results of the Ask Your Candidates campaign that FSFE Italy did run for the Italian election. Multiple questions have been sent to the major political parties that run for office in the national elections on March 4. We received positive statements by "Movimento 5 Stelle", "Liberi e Uguali", "Partito Democratico" and "Potere al Popolo". Unfortunately, there have been no answers by "+Europa", "Forza Italia", "Fratelli d'Italia" and "Lega Nord".

Since many years, at the FSFE, we run Ask Your candidates campaigns to send a set of questions to political parties and collect information about their standing towards Free Software and to make it easier for voters to compare their positions. Main objective of the campaign is to know the degree of attention and support of candidates and parties towards Free Software and those topics that are important for our work for Free Software like Open Standard formats, digital freedoms and net neutrality.

FSFE Italy in particular wishes to inform interested voters and citizens about the parties' positions and candidates on the use of Free Software in public administrations, a subject already present in the Italian jurisprudence by Article 68 and Article 69 of the Code of the Digital Administration (CAD). Unfortunately, the implementation of these articles is still in continuous evolution due to the nature of the software and of the current political will.

Today, we publish the full answers that we received. In summary, the campaign had a positive response by "Movimento 5 Stelle" and the "Liberi e Uguali, Partito Democratico and Potere al Popolo". Unfortunately, we did not receive any answers by +Europa, Forza Italia, Fratelli d'Italia, Lega Nord. In the following, you find our analysis of the responds given, sorted chronologically in the order we received the answers:

Results and analysis

Federico D'Incà and Anna Laura Orrico, both candidates for Movimento 5 Stelle, declare Free Software to be a benefit for the public administration because it helps in "independence from suppliers, security and the accessibility to all its information assets". The same benefits, so they say, are within the adoption of Open Standards. Both candidates are in favor of introducing Free Software and Open Standards in schools and universities, and they consider the Digital Administration Code to be an exhaustive rule but whose implementation is necessary to monitor. Finally, both candidates are clearly in favour of net neutrality which is also part of the official program of Movimento 5 Stelle, that considers net neutrality to be a "necessary and indispensable prerequisite for freedom of expression".

Luca Casarini, candidate for Liberi e Uguali, not only supports Free Software but also supports a top-down model with an "enforced migration by law from proprietary software to Free Software and Open Source in the public administration". Casarini also understands the adoption of Free Software in school and university courses as "a real strategic and educational choice towards an emancipation from the use and dependency of proprietary programs". The candidate of Liberi e Uguali strongly supports the Digital Administration Code and is committed to monitor its renewal to avoid being further weakened in favor of compromises not in line with the original spirit of the law. Such as "the weakening of the art.68 in particular, but also the repeal of Article 50-bis" during the last CAD reform. Liberi e Uguali are totally in favor of net neutrality, to support "information pluralism", citizen rights and liberties.

Paolo Coppola, candidate for the Partito Democratico, highlights the use of Free Software in public administrations as well as the Code of the Digital Administration as a pivotal tool that is already in place to promote and support its use. Coppola also points out that, with regards to software commissioned by public administrations, Partito Democratico's position "is the one expressed by Article 69 of the CAD: it must be available as open source code and free of charge". For the introduction of Free Software and open formats in school and university courses, article 68 of the CAD is still valid, which says that in public tenders Free Software has to be favored over proprietary software. Coppola considers CAD to be a good legislative framework, and as a next step proposes the publication of guidelines that aim at ensuring compliance. Coppola confirms the importance of net neutrality and says that "network and digital platforms must be neutral".

Potere al popolo state to be very much in line with some principles that are related to Free Software and wish for "the use and introduction of any vision based on copyleft licenses will contribute to the protection of workers by decentralizing the authority of multinationals". So they declare themself certainly in favor of the adoption of open formats and Free Software within the public administration. Potere al popolo even quotes Richard Stallman in arguing that "if the school teaches the use of Free Software, they can graduate citizens ready to live in a free digital society". However, unlike the other interviewed parties, Potere al popolo finds the Articles 68 and 69 of the CAD to be insufficient and they wish for more intransigent rules that fully exclude the use of proprietary software. Finally, the party shows full adherence towards net neutrality, including criticism of the European BEREC entity considered "insufficient in defining the rules for the network."

Conclusion

This has been the first time FSFE Italy had run such an Ask Your Candidates campaign. Fortunately, all parties and candidates that have answered our questions - Movimento 5 Stelle, Liberi e Uguali, Partito Democratico and Potere al Popolo - are in favor of the adoption and the extended use of Free Software and open formats in the public administration as well as in public education. Such a big consensus across these parties, that in current polls together have more than 50% of the votes, opens up a lot of possibilities for progress towards the use of Free Software on state level in Italy and the FSFE's demand of Public Money? Public Code!. The latter can be realized by enforcing already existing legal laws, that are in particular "Article 68" and "Article 69" of the Code of the Digital Administration. Again, with an exception of Potere al popolo, all parties claim to be in favor of enforcing these articles. If it would be for Potere al popolo, they would set even stricter rules. Finally, all parties in this sample support the existence and enforcement of net neutrality.

"It is great to see that many political parties nowadays understand the importance and the benefits deriving from Free Software" says Natale Vinto, FSFE country coordinator Italy and "in case they run successful for government, the FSFE is happy to help with the necessary implementation processes." On the other hand, Vinto points out, that "the lack of responses from the other parties can be understood as a desinterest in digital topics which is anachronistic in today's information society."

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FSFE Newsletter - February 2018

lun, 19/02/2018 - 18:00
FSFE Newsletter February 2018Barcelona is the first city council to join the FSFE's "Public Money? Public Code!" campaign

"Funds that come from the citizens have to be invested in systems that can be reused and open to a local ecosystem" says Francesca Bria, Commissioner of Digital Technology and Innovation of Barcelona. She is the driving force behind the City's Digital Transformation Plan, which - among other things - aims to establish the use of Free Software and open data in the city's administration.

Step by step, all key applications shall be replaced with Free Software solutions until the city finally replaces its currently running Windows-system with a suitable GNU/Linux-system. Therewith, Barcelona is heading to achieve and guarantee "complete technological sovereignty" for the municipality. By spring of 2019, when its municipal term of office ends, the City Council has planned to spend 70 percent of its software budget on open-source software.

With this in mind, Barcelona has been the first city council to sign the Open Letter of our "Public Money Public? Code!" campaign. The FSFE is very pleased to see one of European's biggest metropolitan areas moving to Free Software, and we wish Barcelona much success!

I love Free Software Day

Every year, our community celebrates "I Love Free Software Day" on February 14. Our report from this year's celebration is coming soon but we like to say thank you for hundreds of love declarations via social media channels, pictures of people celebrating their favourite Free Software projects like Developers Italia, beautiful artworks like the one from Grise Bouille as well as multiple blog posts informing about the benefits of Free Software. We even found people opening issues on project's development platforms, just to say "Thank You!" on "I love Free Software Day".

Thank you for celebrating with us and stay tuned for the detailed report coming soon.

People celebrating #IloveFS 2018

Join our community of freedom fighters.

What else have we done? Inside and Outside the FSFE The day before FOSDEM, the FSFE once again partnered up with OpenForum Europe for the third edition of European Free Software Policy Meeting to discuss the most important current policy issues on European level regarding Free Software. The FSFE country team Italy is running an "Ask your candidates" campaign and sent a set of questions about the use and promotion of Free Software to the participating parties of the Italian national elections, happening on March 4. The "besondere elektronische Anwaltspostfach (beA)" is publicly financed software aiming to establish a secure communication between lawyers in Germany from January 2018. Its usage, however, is currently being withheld for multiple security issues. The FSFE published an open letter to demand the full publication of beA under a Free Software license. At the 34th Chaos Communication Congress the FSFE, together with EDRi, set up a cluster called “Rights & Freedoms” with its own freedom related track. Erik Albers wrote a report about it on his blog. Daniel Pocock, the FSFE community representative, writes about Everything you didn't know about FSFE in a picture in which he analyses overlapping relationships between staffers, Council, community and the General Assembly. Vanitasvitae reports about his trip to XSF-summit, FOSDEM and the importance of XMPP libraries Daniel Pocock distributed an email to the FSFE community in that he reflected the GA membership process, the FSFE's identity process and his personal travels. Sebastian Schauenburg shares his insides on sharing local OsmAnd and Geo URL's Polina Malaja, the FSFE's policy analyst, writes about our response to the PSI Directive public consultation that in short asks to include source code into the list of re-usable public sector information. Do not miss it! Upcoming events with the FSFE

We are happy to see a first local FSFE meet-up happening in Madrid, Spain, on February 22 and on March 3. We wish all participants to spend their time at the meet-up in a positive and fruitful manner. If you are from the area, do not miss it.

By the way: If you miss a local FSFE group in your area but you like to start one, get in contact with our community coordinator Erik Albers who is happy to help you with the first steps.

Get Active

Have you found an interesting Free Software story online that you would like to share? Maybe you have a question that you like to discuss with other Free Software activists? Or you like to announce your upcoming Free Software event or report about a recent one? Then post it on one of our public mailing lists and share it with the community! We currently have active public mailing lists in English, German, Spanish, and Greek.

If you live in Italy, contact your local candidates during their current election-campaigns, point them towards our "Public Money? Public Code!" campaign and ask them the questions that we have also sent to the participating parties or similar ones.

Contribute to our newsletter

If you would like to share any thoughts, pictures, or news, send them to us. As always, the address is newsletter@fsfe.org. We're looking forward to hearing from you!

Thanks to our community, all the volunteers, supporters and donors who make our work possible. And thanks to our translators, who enable you to read this newsletter in your mother tongue.

Your editor, Erik Albers

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FSFE Italy asks political parties about their positions on Free Software

dim, 18/02/2018 - 18:00
FSFE Italy asks political parties about their positions on Free Software

In light of the upcoming elections in Italy on March 4th, the FSFE country team Italy sent out multiple questions to the participating parties to challenge them on their position about Free Software in public administration and education. We will publish and analyse their answers once we receive them.

At the Free Software Foundation Europe, we believe that we can and should make Free Software and Open Standards an issue in all elections, be they on a European, national, regional, or local level. That is why the FSFE uses the time in the runup to elections to ask politicians about their stance on Free Software and Open Standards in our Ask Your Candidates framework.

Recently, the FSFE country team Italy sent multiple questions to the participating parties in the Italian general election, happening on March 4th. The questions are about the parties' positions on the use of Free Software and Open Standards within public administrations and their willingness to replace proprietary formats. More questions are about the use of Free Software in public education and about their stand on Art. 68 and 69 of the "Codice Amministrazione Digitale" as well as on net neutrality. We will publish and analyse their answers once we receive them.

"With this campaign we like to remind Italian politicians about the importance of Free Software and the execution of Article 68 and 69 of the Codice Amministrazione Digitale that public administrations are obliged to comply with." says Natale Vinto, FSFE's coordinator Italy. "On the other hand we like to give Italian voters a chance for this election to easily know about the participating parties positions on Free Software."

Background: Art 68 and 69 of the "Codice Amministrazione Digitale" require public administrations in Italy to prefer internally made solutions and Free Software solutions over proprietary ones. Also, they have the duty to share the source code and documentation of self-developed software with public money. Unfortunately, these requirements still lack implementation a lot of times.

These are the questions that have been sent to the participating parties:

What is your position on the use of Free and Open Source Software within the public administration? Are you in favour of making the use of open standards obligatory for public administrations? Are you in favour of introducing the expansion and development of Free and Open Source Software into the school and university curricula? What is your stand in respect to the Digital Administration Code (in particular Art. 68 and 69: "Reuse of open solutions and standards") and in case of agreement, would you still modify anything in it? What is your position or that of your party on net-neutrality?

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European Free Software Policy Meeting 2018: more joint activities important for Free Software in Europe

mer, 14/02/2018 - 18:00
European Free Software Policy Meeting 2018: more joint activities important for Free Software in Europe

Following the well-established tradition of gathering active Free Software groups before FOSDEM kicks off, the FSFE once again partnered up with OpenForum Europe for the third edition of European Free Software Policy Meeting in Brussels, the heart of European decision-making.

This time the purpose of the meeting was to shed light on topics important for Free Software in public policy all over Europe, not only within the European Union; and to exchange experience for any policy action within different regions in case similar concerns for Free Software pop up. Practice shows that they often do, and this is why it is important to be informed about similar actions in other parts of Europe, in order to be able to address corresponding concerns in a timely and effective manner.

17 different groups were represented at the European Free Software Policy Meeting 2018: from national Free Software groups to public sector representatives, and international organisations. Our participants deemed to be a diverse group, yet similar in the challenges we face on both national and European level.

Common challenges for Free Software in Europe and beyond

EU Copyright reform: Article 13 of the current copyright directive proposal can seriously hamper collaborative software development, and especially Free Software, imposing the use of mandatory upload filters, and illegal monitoring of their users. As a result of this proposal code repositories can be arbitrarily removed online. The directive proposal is currently being discussed by co-legislators in the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, which both are struggling to reach an agreement on controversial Article 13. Action within the Member States to "#savecodeshare" is needed more than ever, in order to make sure that decision-makers understand the repercussions of Article 13 for Free Software.

Software patents: while the EU legislation to impose patents on software was rejected back in 2005, patentability of software insinuates itself into policy discussions through other means. In particular, the Unitary Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) may in practice impose the patentability of software in the EU. By now 15 Member States have ratified the UPCA, without such Member States as post-Brexit UK and Germany whose support is necessary in order for the Unitary Patent Court system to start to function. A petition against UPCA ratification was run in the UK, however, there is a need for remaining Member States to be aware of the practical ramifications of UPCA for innovation and especially software business in Europe.

Open Standards: standardisation policies are still being infiltrated by closed standards disguised as "open", and tricky patent licensing practices that are only called "fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory" (FRAND) in the name of greater innovation. In fact, these practices only dilute the discourse. It is time the term "open standards" is used in accordance with the Free Software definition defined through 4 freedoms, and appropriate Free Software licences as approved by Free Software Foundation and Open Source Initiative. Otherwise, we will continue facing misconceptions about (un)equal treatment of Free Software in public procurement, where Free Software can be de facto excluded as a result of policies prescribing business models.

Public Money, Public Code: "All publicly funded newly-established software should be made publicly available under Free Software licence". This is the demand that the FSFE together with ca 116 other organisations and Free Software projects, as well as more than 16 000 individuals are asking from politicians. The campaign is aimed at gathering evidence about public expenditure on software and other IT services in public sector, to provide information that is easily understandable for decision-makers, and to equip Free Software activists all over the world with tools to ask their politicians during national elections to make sure that software paid with taxpayers money is made freely available to the public.

Ways to move forward

The meeting once again proved that there is a need to continuously exchange ideas, update each other on concerns and victories for Free Software, and experience we gather while pursuing our mutual goals to maintain the ecosystem for Free Software to flourish. More collaboration and staying informed is necessary in order to establish the "smart network" of Free Software activists all over Europe and beyond, where more joint activities can take place. We will continue to build on that resource to share information, and update each other on activities crucial for Free Software, and to establish meaningful collaborations to address common challenges for Free Software.

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Join the I Love Free Software Day 2018

dim, 11/02/2018 - 18:00
Join the I Love Free Software Day 2018

The Free Software Foundation Europe calls on everyone to say "thank you" to all contributors to Free Software on 14 February. Last year the annual I Love Free Software Day has been committed with offline activism to tell people outside of our filter bubble about the importance of Free Software. This Wednesday, we will go back to our roots and focus on why this day has been invented in the first place: to celebrate the Free Software community.

Sticker for people loving Free Software (order)

Free Software is built upon collaboration and the desire for constant improvement. But over all these bug reports and milestones we sometimes forget to express our gratefulness to all the people making our daily lives so much easier and freer: developers, translators, designers, testers, or documentation writers, for large software suites or small helper tools.

Show your love for Free Software

You don't have to be a techie to benefit from the often invisible work of these people. Take a moment to think about which software made you enjoy your work and private life. Done? Then tell the world! Our campaign website, the last year's report, or the updated gallery of Free Software lovers may give you some inspiration.

Spread the word in the offline world with your friends and colleagues and be part of the #ilovefs crowd in online networks and blogs. Let's enjoy a lovely day packed with thankfulness and creativity!

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Organisationen und Juristen fordern: Das besondere elektronische Anwaltspostfach muss Freie Software werden

jeu, 18/01/2018 - 18:00
Organisationen und Juristen fordern: Das besondere elektronische Anwaltspostfach muss Freie Software werden

Das Vertrauen in das besondere elektronische Anwaltspostfach (beA) hat nach bekannt gewordenen Sicherheitslücken und erheblichen technischen Mängeln das Vertrauen von Juristen und Mandanten verloren. Die Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) übermittelt heute ihren Offenen Brief mit Empfehlungen und Forderungen an die auftraggebende Bundesrechtsanwaltkammer (BRAK) zusammen mit drei weiteren bekannten zivilgesellschaftlichen Organisationen und 21 Juristen.

Obwohl es der Anspruch des bisher 38 Millionen teuren Projektes ist, eine sichere Ende-zu-Ende-verschlüsselte Kommunikation im Rechtsverkehr zu bieten, wurde spätestens Ende 2017 öffentlich, dass akute Sicherheitsmängel und grundlegende Konstruktionsfehler vorliegen. Auch eine bis heute geheim gehaltene Sicherheitsprüfung von 2015 hat offenbar nicht zu einer ausreichenden Verbesserung beigetragen.

Die Unterzeichner der Forderungen, neben der FSFE der Chaos Computer Club, Digitalcourage, The Document Foundation und eine Vielzahl deutschlandweit aktiver und bekannter Juristen, erwarten daher von der BRAK:

die Veröffentlichung der bisherigen und zukünftigen Entwicklung der beA-Software unter einer gängigen Freie-Software-Lizenz, öffentliche Audits des gesamten Programmcodes durch unabhängige IT-Sicherheitsforscher, Kompatibilität der Software zu allen aktuellen Betriebssystemen (u.a. GNU/Linux, Windows, MacOS).

Ohne diese Voraussetzungen kann das Vertrauen in die Software und somit das ganze Projekt nicht mehr gerettet werden. Mandanten erwarten eine vertrauliche Kommunikation und Juristen benötigen diese, um ihre anwaltliche Pflicht der Verschwiegenheit erfüllen zu können. Zudem stellen die Unterzeichner fest, dass die bisherige Geheimhaltung von Software und Sicherheitsüberprüfungen auch in diesem Fall der IT-Sicherheit mehr geschadet als genutzt hat. Stattdessen hätte von Anfang an auf etablierte Freie-Software-Komponenten und einen transparenten Prozess gesetzt werden sollen.

Dass Freie Software generell für öffentliche digitale Dienstleistungen Standard sein muss, fordert die FSFE auch in ihrer Kampagne "Public Money, Public Code", die bereits von über 16.000 Personen und mehr als 100 Organisationen und Institutionen, darunter der Stadt Barcelona, unterzeichnet wurde.

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Wie das besondere elektronische Anwaltspostfach (beA) noch zu retten ist

mer, 10/01/2018 - 18:00
Wie das besondere elektronische Anwaltspostfach (beA) noch zu retten ist

Das Besondere elektronische Anwaltspostfach sollte eigentlich seit Anfang 2018 verschlüsselte Kommunikation mit und unter Rechtsanwälten ermöglichen. Allerdings sorgen zahlreiche Sicherheitslücken dafür, dass der Dienst vorerst offline bleiben muss. Die Free Software Foundation Europe empfiehlt der auftraggebenden Bundesrechtsanwaltkammer (BRAK), durch die Veröffentlichung des Programmcodes unter einer Freie-Software- und Open-Source-Lizenz verloren gegangenes Vertrauen wiederherzustellen.

Zahlreiche Skandale und ein fragwürdiges Sicherheitsverständnis prägen das Projekt, das sich schon seit einigen Jahren in Entwicklung befindet. Eigentlich müssen Rechtsanwälte seit dem 1. Januar 2018 über diese Software erreichbar sein, doch wegen bekannt gewordener Sicherheitslücken wurde die Plattform auf unbestimmte Zeit vorerst abgeschaltet. So wurde etwa die verschlüsselte Verbindung der Anwender nicht nur über das beA, sondern auch zu sämtlichen anderen Webseiten ausgehebelt. Vor allem aber ist die Ende-zu-Ende-Verschlüsselung, eigentlich Hauptmerkmal der Software, grundlegend gefährdet, da die Bundesrechtsanwaltkammer offenbar Zugang zu allen privaten Schlüsseln und damit den eigentlich vertraulichen Nachrichten ihrer Rechtsanwälte hat. Es steht zu befürchten, dass durch die ebenfalls öffentlich gewordene Implementierung zahlreicher längst veralteter und anfälliger Komponenten weitere Sicherheitslücken existieren.

Obwohl bereits 2015 eine Sicherheitsprüfung durch eine beauftragte Firma stattgefunden hat, dessen Reichweite und Ergebnis allerdings bis heute nicht veröffentlicht wurde, ist die ganz Tragweite der fehlerhaften Programmierung erst kürzlich bekannt geworden. Damit hat das Projekt, das die Rechtsanwälte bisher etwa 38 Millionen Euro kostet, bereits jetzt sein Vertrauen verspielt. Angesichts der zahlreichen Fehler ist die Vertraulichkeit der gesendeten Nachrichten nicht mehr zu gewährleisten – und das, wo die Nutzung der Software ab 2022 für den gesamten Dokumentenverkehr mit Gerichten Pflicht wird.

Freie Software als Grundlage für die Zukunft

An den zahlreichen Problemen des besonderen elektronischen Anwaltspostfachs besteht kein Zweifel. Doch anstatt weiter ihre Mitglieder im Unklaren zu lassen und unabhängige Sicherheitsforscher auszuschließen, sollte die Bundesrechtsanwaltkammer nun die gesamte Software unter einer Freie-Software- und Open-Source-Lizenz veröffentlichen und den weiteren Entwicklungsprozess transparent machen. Nur dadurch kann der erschütterte Vertrauen der Nutzer, also aller Rechtsanwälte, Behörden und Gerichte, langsam wiederhergestellt werden. Die Offenlegung des Programmcodes ermöglicht unabhängigen IT-Experten, bereits frühzeitig potenzielle Sicherheitslücken zu melden, damit diese behoben werden; dass eine Geheimhaltung des Quellcodes und der in Auftrag gegebenen Audits nicht zum gewünschten Ergebnis führen, hat sich nun ein weiteres Mal erwiesen.

Ohnehin ist fraglich, warum nicht von Anfang an auf bereits verfügbare Softwarekomponenten gesetzt wurde, die unter einer Freie-Software-Lizenz verfügbar sind. Für verschlüsselte E-Mails existiert beispielsweise das etablierte und vielfach geprüfte GnuPG, welches sich nahtlos in Mailingprogramme wie Thunderbird einbinden lässt. Spezielle Anforderung wie etwa die verschlüsselte Weiterleitung an Vertretungen und Assistenzen könnten auf dieser Basis ebenfalls als Freie Software veröffentlicht werden und dieselben Vorteile der Transparenz genießen. Warum Freie Software generell für öffentliche digitale Dienste Standard sein sollte, zeigt die FSFE in ihrer aktuellen Public Money, Public Code-Kampagne.

Ganz gleich ob die Bundesrechtsanwaltkammer sich für eine komplette Neuentwicklung der Software oder ehrhebliche Verbesserungen der jetzigen Lösung entscheidet, die Veröffentlichung unter einer freien Lizenz ist unumgänglich, um das Projekt überhaupt noch zu retten und die Sicherheitserwartungen zu gewährleisten.

Sie sind Rechtsanwalt und möchten, dass das beA Freie Software wird? Bitte melden Sie sich bei uns.

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